Express JS Auth, cookies & session

you can add authentication, session, and cookie functionality to your application using middleware such as express-session, passport, and cookie-parser.

Here’s an example of a simple ExpressJS application that allows the user to add and view a list of cars stored in a SQLite database and requires the user to log in to view the list of cars. The user’s authentication state is stored in a session using express-session and their authentication credentials are stored in a cookie using cookie-parser. Passport is used for authentication:

Above code step by step breakdown

  1. Required packages and modules: The first section of the code requires the necessary packages and modules, including express, body-parser, sequelize for SQLite database, express-session for session management, passport for authentication, passport-local for local strategy authentication, and cookie-parser for handling cookies.
  2. Middleware: The middleware section of the code sets up the application to use body-parser, cookie-parser, and express-session middleware. The session middleware is given a secret key to secure the session, and the passport middleware is initialized and used for the session.
  3. Passport Configuration: In this section, Passport is configured to use the local strategy authentication using the LocalStrategy class. The LocalStrategy constructor takes a callback function that checks the username and password provided by the user against the database. If the user is found and the password matches, the user is considered authenticated, and the user’s data is stored in the session.
  4. Serialization and Deserialization: The serializeUser and deserializeUser functions are used by Passport to manage the user’s data stored in the session. The serializeUser function stores the user’s id in the session, and the deserializeUser function retrieves the user’s data from the database using the id stored in the session.
  5. Database: A SQLite database is set up using the Sequelize module. Two models are defined, User and Car. The User model contains the username and password fields, and the Car model contains the make and model fields.
  6. Routing: The application defines several routes for adding and viewing cars, and for logging in. The /cars route requires the user to be authenticated and displays the list of cars stored in the database. The /login route displays the login form. The /login route also handles the post request from the login form and uses the passport.authenticate function to check the user’s authentication credentials and start the authentication process. If the user is authenticated, the user’s data is stored in the session, and the user is redirected to the /cars route.
  7. Authentication Middleware: The authenticationMiddleware function is used to check if the user is authenticated. If the user is not authenticated, the user is redirected to the /login route. This function is used to secure the /cars route and to ensure that only authenticated users can access the list of cars.

This example is just a basic implementation to demonstrate how to add authentication, session, and cookie functionality to an ExpressJS application using middleware. In a real-world application, you would want to add more security measures, such as hashing passwords, and use a more secure database such as MySQL or PostgreSQL.

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